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In the midst of the wet season, an important interval for working within the fields, the phone of Issoufou Porgo, everlasting secretary of the Confédération paysanne du Faso, rings consistently. “Many growers nonetheless have not been capable of finding fertilizer, everybody could be very anxious”, he studies. In Burkina Faso, a semi-arid nation the place greater than 80% of the inhabitants lives from agriculture, hovering enter costs are hitting producers laborious, who’re depending on imported fertilizers for crop development.
On the finish of February, the invasion of Ukraine by Russia, the world’s second largest exporter behind China, helped to inflame the value of nitrogen fertilizers. In West Africa, the place 50% of urea and 70% of potassium, a vital part of NPK merchandise – generic fertilizers whose identify comes from the chemical parts that compose them: N for nitrogen, P for phosphorus, Ok for potassium –, are imported from Russia and Belarus, costs have doubled, and even tripled in some markets.
In Burkina Faso, which has the best scarcity within the area, farmers concern catastrophic penalties for the agricultural marketing campaign, already critically impacted by jihadist violence, the results of local weather change and the repercussions of the Covid-19 disaster.
Within the Sourou valley, one of many breadbaskets of the nation, within the North area, they had been compelled, with the arrival of the primary rains, to start out sowing with out fertilizer. “I had no selection, it is time to transplant the rice. After every week, fertilizer must be added, however I could not discover something within the space,” regrets Siaka Soro, the president of the Union of Agricultural Cooperatives of Sourou.
” Saturated market “
Like this rice farmer, virtually no producer, out of the 50,000 within the valley, has been capable of get hold of provides. And the costs of the few out there baggage have skyrocketed. Urea and NPK granules, essentially the most broadly used merchandise, price 50% to 80% extra, based on information from Africa Fertilizer, a market information assortment and evaluation initiative. “As much as 35,000 CFA francs [53 euros] the 50 kg bag, towards 19,000 CFA francs earlier than, we have by no means seen that! », assures Siaka Soro. Even when Burkinabé farmers use eight instances much less fertilizer than the world common, ie 17 kg per hectare, these inputs stay decisive for the yield of their crops, that are more and more degraded by the droughts within the Sahel.
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