“The event of regional electrical energy interconnections is without doubt one of the responses to the vitality disaster”

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“The event of regional electrical energy interconnections is without doubt one of the responses to the vitality disaster”

HASs local weather change and excessive occasions rock varied areas of the globe, the world faces a twin problem: sustaining the steadiness and reliability of energy grids, whereas decreasing CO2 emissions2.

For electrical energy system operators, whose mission is to facilitate entry to greener vitality at an inexpensive worth, the rise of renewable vitality manufacturing raises questions concerning the storage and operation of networks. electrical.

One of many elementary solutions to those questions is the event of regional interconnections. Born of an interstate settlement in 2001, the Gulf Cooperation Council Interconnection Authority (GCCIA) began its actions in 2009 by interconnecting the electrical energy grids of Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain and Saudi Arabia, then these of the United Arab Emirates and Oman. This spine connects the networks of the six nations, thus strengthening their vitality safety.

Greener energies

On the similar time, the Gulf States are dedicated to growing greener energies, setting themselves formidable targets: 50% of put in capability from renewable energies by 2030 for Saudi Arabia; 44% photo voltaic capability put in by 2050 for the United Arab Emirates.

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This regional governance mannequin makes it doable to optimize prices within the Gulf nations whereas strengthening the steadiness and reliability of the community due to new solidarity mechanisms. Regional planning provides the potential of anticipating drops in manufacturing by integrating new renewable capacities extra easily. The GCCIA and gamers within the area at the moment are searching for to increase this market inside and past the Gulf nations, in direction of Egypt, Jordan and even Europe.

The planning and structure of distribution networks should be modernized. This implies transferring from a system that goals for reliability on the native degree to a safe group on the regional degree. Too many gamers within the trade are nonetheless engaged on a neighbor-to-neighbor mannequin, whereas these are actual “electrical energy highways” between nations that may enable everybody to contribute or use vitality with out intervening within the inner electrical buildings. Neglecting these interconnection points can have disastrous penalties, as was the case in Texas in the course of the winter of 2021.

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Initiatives much like these of the GCCIA are rising in lots of nations. Thus, following a high-voltage blackout in Germany in November 2006, 9 European community operators got here collectively to coordinate the networks and assure a extra secure system.

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