“The basis of the issue is the weak point of the Congolese state and its structurally flawed military”

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“The basis of the issue is the weak point of the Congolese state and its structurally flawed military”

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March 23 Motion (M23) rebels resumed hostilities in December 2021 and have since been gaining floor in japanese Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). This armed group, whose final main offensive dates again to 2012, seized Bunagana, a strategic city on the Ugandan border, on June 13.

The Congolese authorities accuses its Rwandan neighbor by identify of supporting the insurgents and of getting dedicated “battle crimes” on his flooring. Uganda, which intervenes militarily in japanese DRC with the backing of the Congolese authorities, can also be believed to be concerned.

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Friday, June 17, based on safety sources, a Congolese soldier was killed and two Rwandan policemen and civilians injured throughout an alternate of fireplace at a border publish in Goma, between the DRC and Rwanda, in a context of maximum tensions .

“Everyone seems to be preventing to maintain their space of ​​affect on this area extraordinarily wealthy in gold, tin and different coveted minerals”decrypts Jason Stearns, researcher and founding father of the Congo Analysis Group at New York College.

What do we all know concerning the M23 rebels?

Jason Stearns Their group comes from a historic revolt, the Rassemblement congolais pour la democratie (RCD), a motion concerned within the second nice battle of Congo (1998-2003) and supported by Rwanda. Following the 2003 peace accords, the RCD – which managed a 3rd of the nation – fielded a candidate for the 2006 presidential election however solely received 1.7 % voices. Confronted with this bitter failure and its lack of affect, a fringe of the motion created a brand new revolt, from which the M23 emerged. This radicalized faction was structured round Congolese Tutsi leaders similar to Laurent Nkunda, Bosco Ntaganda [condamné en 2019 par la Cour pénale internationale (CPI) à trente ans de prison pour « crimes de guerre et crimes contre l’humanité »] and Sultani Makenga.

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In 2012, the M23 succeeded in seizing Goma, the capital of North Kivu, however was defeated a yr later by the Congolese military and UN forces. American stress on the Rwandan regime was additionally decisive as a result of Kigali then withdrew its help for the revolt. Insurgent commanders took refuge in navy camps in Rwanda and Uganda. Their destiny has nonetheless not been determined and, at the moment, it is without doubt one of the calls for of the M23: to be built-in into the Congolese military.

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